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18. 09. 2019.

Džonson i Junker o Bregzitu, nema napretka


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           Džonson i Junker o Bregzitu, nema napretka                                     
Britanski premijer Boris Džonson i predsednik Evropske komisije Žan-Klod Junker razgovarali su 16. septembra u Luksemburgu o Bregzitu, međutim nije došlo do novih dogovora oko sporazuma za izlazak. Džonson je novinarima rekao da "strastveno" veruje da se dogovor može postići, dok iz EU poručuju da još čekaju konkretne predloge Ujedinjenog Kraljevstva.

Evropska komisija je posle sastanka saopštila da Velika Britanija tek treba da ponudi "pravno operativna" rešenja u vezi sa irskom granicom, glavnom blokadom dogovora.

Glavna tačka dogovora je takozvani bekstop, mehanizam koji od Britanije zahteva da zadrži određena pravila EU kako bi izbegla čvrstu granicu između članice EU Irske i Severne Irske.

"Predsednik (EK) Junker naglasio je spremnost i otvorenost Komisije da ispita da li su takvi predlozi realni", navodi EK i dodaje da će evropski zbaničnici ostati na raspolaganju 24/7.

Britanska vlada je saopštila da će pregovori biti intenzivirani.

Džonsonov portparol nije želeo da iznosi detalje sa sastanka rekavši da nije korisno da se pregovara u javnosti.

Britanski premijer je obećao da će izvesti Britaniju iz EU 31. oktobra sa ili bez sporazuma, ali insistira na tome da može da se dogovori sa evropskim čelnicima.

Sporazum njegove prethodnice Tereze Mej tri puta je odbijen u britanskom parlamentu.

Francuska ministarka za Evropu Ameli de Monšalen rekla je uoči sastanka da je od suštinske važnosti da svaka izmena i dopuna postojećeg sporazuma o Bregzitu bude u saglasnosti sa Sporazumom iz Belfasta.

Izvor: Beta
Foto: Beta/AP


Babiš odbio da u ime vlade odlučuje o povlačenju priznanja Kosova


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Babiš odbio da u ime vlade odlučuje o povlačenju priznanja Kosova                       
Češki premijer Andrej Babiš razgovarao je na redovnom neformalnom sastanku sa predsednikom Češke Milošom Zemanom o ideji Zemana da Češka povuče priznanje Kosova. Babiš je saopštio novinarima da će o tome razgovarati na sastanku o koordinaciji češke spoljne politike, jer on kao premijer ne može da odluči o tome sam, u ime vlade. Na Zemanovu inicijativu oko Kosova u Češkoj se gleda kao na još jedan provokativni prazni gest bez realne osnove.

"Rešavaćemo to na sastanku o koordinaciji spoljne politike. Tamo će biti ministar unutrašnjih poslova, ministar spoljnih poslova, predsednik Senata, predsednik Poslaničkog doma. To će biti tema razmene mišljenja sa ostalim kolegama iz vlade", kazao je Babiš novinarima nakon sastanka sa Zemanom 16. septembra u zamku Lani kraj Praga.

Češki premijer naglasio je da ne može da odlučuje o tome sam, kao premijer u ime vlade, a iako je prošle sedmice kazao da ne vidi razlog da Češka menja svoju politiku i povlači priznanje Kosova iz 2008. godine, sinoć  nije kategorično isključio ni takvu mogućnost.

"To ne kažem. Raspravljao sam o tome sa predsednikom. Predsednik je kazao da je naš stav bio takav i zato što smo bili dve sedmice u NATO, da je to bila neka politička odluka, ali da je njegov stav prema priznanju Kosova negativan", rekao je Babiš.

Predsednik Zeman se u razgovoru sa Babišom pozvao na rezoluciju Poslaničkog doma češkog parlamenta u kojoj poslanici zahtevaju od vlade premijera Mireka Topolaneka da ne priznaje jednostrano proglašenu nezavisnost Kosova.

"Drugi argument je to što se sud u Hagu bavi i zločinima izvršenim na kosovskoj teritoriji. Morate da priznate da ako su vodeći političari na čelu sa premijerom pod istragom za ratne zločine, to je nešto drugo nego kada bi bili pod istragom za privredni kriminal. Pretpostavljam da ću na savetovanju zvaničnika, to su četiri čoveka, pokušati da primenim te argumente i, ili će mi to poći za rukom ili ne, to je život", izneo je Zeman češkim novinarima, koji su ga pratili tokom posete Beogradu, svoj drugi argument u prilog povlačenju priznanja.

Zeman je na kraju posete Beogradu 12. septembra češkim novinarima kazao da ne bi tražio povlačenje priznanja ako bi u Prištini na vlast došle demokratske stranke neopterećene prošlošću, mada u to ne veruje jer, po njegovim rečima, nažalost demokratske stranke imaju na Kosovu veoma slabu reprezentaciju.

Češko Ministarstvo spoljnih poslova upozorilo je tada povodom najave predsednika Češke da će pokušati da vidi da li je moguće povlačenje priznanja Kosova, da je Češka Republika priznala Kosovo kao državu u potpunosti i definitivno, a da nikada do sada Češka nije povukla svoje priznanje nijedne države.

"Češka Republika ima nesumnjiv interes da očuva međunarodne sporazume sa Republikom Kosovo uključujući tu i obaveze koje proističu iz njih za obe strane", stoji u saopštenju MSP.

MSP je istaklo da je Češka potpisala sa Kosovom da kao država naslednica stupa u bilateralne međunarodne sporazume iz perioda od 1936. do 1999. godine još iz vremena Čehoslovačke i bivše Jugoslavije, a da su se sa sporazumima o readmisiji i o izbegavanju dvostrukog oporezivanja složili svojim potpisom, odnosno punomoćjem i tadašnji predsednik Vaclav Klaus i sadašnji Miloš Zeman, uprkos tome što su dosledni protivnici priznavanja nezavisnosti Kosova.

 U Češkoj se na Zemanovu inicijativu oko Kosova gleda uglavnom kao na još jedan od provokativnih praznih gestova bez ikakve realne osnove, učinjen da bi se dopao Srbima.

Po oceni predstavnika češke opozicije, posebno one koja je 1999. godine bila odlučno protiv bombardovanja Jugoslavije, reč je i o Zemanovom osećaju krivice i izvinjenju srpskom narodu, za to što je kao češki premijer dao saveznicima u NATO pristanak u ime Češke da se bombarduje Srbija zbog Kosova, a budući da NATO odlučuje konsenzusom, mogao je tu odluku svojim vetom da minira.

Izvor: Beta
Foto: Beta/AP



Renci napustio Demokratsku partiju, osniva svoju stranku


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 Renci napustio Demokratsku partiju, osniva svoju stranku                                                        
Nekadašni italijanski premijer Mateo Renci napustio je vladajuću Demokratsku partiju (PD) da bi osnovao novu centrističku stranku. To je rizičan potez koji dodatno slabi ionako klimavu vladu demokrata i Pokreta Pet zvezda (M5S).

Renci je odlazak objavio na Fejsbuku i Tviteru nakon što je u intervjuu za list Republika objasnio iznenadni potez.

"Odlučio sam da napustim PD i zajedno s drugima izgradim novi dom za drugačije vođenje politike", napisao je Renci, preneo je AP.

Nekadašnji premijer se nedavno vratio u centar italijanske politike, koristeći uticaj u parlamentu da izgura koalicioni dogovor demokrata i njihovih nekadašnjih arhineprijatelja M5S u poslednjem pokušaju da se izbegnu prevremeni izbori i izvesni trijumf desničarske Lige Matea Salvinija.

"Pobeda koju smo izvojevali u parlamentu protiv populizma i Salvinija je značajna za spas Italije ali nije dovoljna", napisao je Renci na Fejsbuku. "Sada je vreme da izgradimo kuću koja je mlada, inovativna, feministička... u kojoj se pokreću ideje za Italiju i Evropu. Prostor za različite politike je enorman", napisao je on, preneo je Gardijan.

Renci je najavio formiranje parlamentarne grupe nove snage i dodao da očekuje da mu se odmah priključi 30 poslanika PD. On je premijeru poručio da i dalje podržava novu koaliciju i da će njegov potez doneti novu podršku premijeru u izbornom telu.

Inače, Renci je bio primoran da ode sa funkcije premijera u decembru 2016. nakon sramnog poraza na referendumu o ustavnoj refomi. Zatim je odstupio sa mesta lidera PD posle lošeg rezultata na opštim izborima u martu 2018.

Ti izbori doveli su do stvaranja burnog saveza M5S i krajnje desne Lige.

"Slanje Salvinija kući jedna je od stvari kojom se najviše ponosim u 'si viju' (CV)", rekao je Renci za Republiku.

Nikola Cingareti, koji je izabran za lidera PD u martu, rekao je da je "greška" cepati partiju. "Posebno u vreme kada je njena snaga neophodna za kvalitet naše demokratije", napisao je on na Fejsbuku.

Politički analitičari kažu da je Rencijev nagli zaokret uhvatio protivnike nespremne ali da će teško doprineti povećanju njegove veoma niske popularnosti.

Istraživanja ukazuju da bi Rencijeva nova partija mogla da dobije podršku 3-5% birača.

"Renci je nepredvidiv a njegovi hrabri potezi iz prošlosti bili su poraženi... videćemo šta će se desiti ovaj put", kaže profesor političkih nauka sa Univerziteta Džon Kabot u Rimu Franko Pavonćelo.

Foto: Beta/AP
                                                        


NEWS RELEASE - Human Rights Law Requires States to Pursue the Highest Possible Ambition in Emissions Cuts



media@ohchr.org

Human Rights Law Requires States to Pursue the Highest Possible 
Five UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies Demand Global Climate Action

GENEVA/NEW YORK (16 September 2019) - Five UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies issued a jointstatement on Monday warning that States must act on climate as failure to do so may constitute a breach of their obligations under human rights international law.

The five bodies highlight that under these treaties, States have legally binding obligations to protect human rights by urgently addressing the climate crisis. Under international law, “Failure to take measures to prevent foreseeable human rights harm caused by climate change, or to regulate activities contributing to such harm, could constitute a violation of States’ human rights obligations,” the Statement says.

The endorsing bodies, between them, are mandated to monitor the international human rights obligations of 196 States. The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, the Committee on the Rights of the Child, and the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, urged States to fulfill their human rights commitments by taking urgent, ambitious action to meaningfully address the climate crisis and protect human rights.

“In order for States to comply with their human rights obligations, and to realize the objectives of the Paris Agreement, they must adopt and implement policies aimed at reducing emissions, which reflect the highest possible ambition, foster climate resilience and ensure that public and private investments are consistent with a pathway towards low carbon emissions and climate resilient development.”

The statement coincides with next week’s Climate Action Summit convened by the UN Secretary General. In this context, the Committees “urge all States to take into consideration their human rights obligations as they review their climate commitments.” Citing the 2018 IPCC special report concerning global warming of1.5°C, the Committees warn that climate change threatens, among others, the rights to life, food, housing, health, water, and cultural rights and states that “States are exposing their populations and future generations to the significant threats to human rights associated with greater temperature increases.”

The Committees collectively committed to continue to review the impacts of climate change on the rights protected under the human rights treaties and to provide guidance to States on how they can meet their legal obligations, through mitigation and adaptation to climate change.

ENDS


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NEWS RELEASE - Bangladesh: UN experts concerned by crackdown at Rohingya refugee camps




Bangladesh: UN experts concerned by crackdown at Rohingya refugee camps

GENEVA (16 September 2019) - UN human rights experts* have expressed serious concerns about tight new restrictions and an increased military presence at Rohingya refugee camps following a massive “Genocide Day” protest last month.

An estimated 200,000 refugees gathered for the so-called “Genocide Day” rally in Cox’s Bazar to mark the second anniversary of their exodus from Myanmar. They called for Myanmar citizenship rights and other guarantees before they agree to return.

Since the demonstration at Cox’s Bazar on 25 August, a number of the protest organisers have been questioned and subjected to intimidation, the experts said. A curfew is now being strictly enforced on those in the camps, and mobile phones have been banned and confiscated.

A number of NGOs have also been banned or suspended, allegedly for helping to organise the protest and attempting to persuade refugees not to return to Myanmar.

“We are alarmed by the sudden crackdown of the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association, and are seriously concerned, not only that these restrictions have been applied in a discriminatory manner against members of the Rohingya minority, who are refugees in Bangladesh, but also that curfews and communications shutdowns could facilitate further serious human rights abuses against them,” the experts said.

Tensions flared between local communities and refugees following a failed refugee repatriation attempt and the murder of a young Bangladeshi man on 22 August. Bangladeshi police subsequently killed four Rohingya men and arrested at least one other in response to the killing.

“The search for justice for the young Bangladeshi man killed on 22 August is of the utmost importance, but it is equally necessary to ensure that the presumption of innocence is upheld and that reactionary, summary and ad hoc justice is not doled out solely to placate the legitimate concerns of the host community,” the experts said.

“We urge the Bangladeshi Government to carry out an independent, impartial and effective investigation into all deaths that have occurred with regards to this case.”

The experts have expressed their concerns to the Bangladeshi Government over the incidents.

ENDS


The Special Rapporteurs and Independent Experts are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms that address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Special Procedures experts work on a voluntary basis; they are not UN staff and do not receive a salary for their work. They are independent from any government or organization and serve in their individual capacity.

UN Human Rights, Country Page – Bangladesh

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MEDIA ADVISORY - Tuvalu: UN expert to visit to assess cultural rights


media-specialprocedures@ohchr.org 

Tuvalu: UN expert to visit to assess cultural rights

GENEVA (16 September 2019) - The United Nations Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights, Karima Bennoune, will visit Tuvalu from 18 to 25 September 2019 to assess efforts to implement cultural rights for all.

“This is the first visit by a UN Special Rapporteur to the country since 2012 and the first visit of the cultural rights mandate to the Pacific,” said Bennoune, who is tasked by the UN Human Rights Council with monitoring, reviewing and advising on cultural rights in all countries.

“I look forward to learning how the newly elected Government of Tuvalu understands cultural rights and how it plans to implement them in ways that respect universal human rights norms. I am also interested in how the new Government aims to promote and respect cultural diversity and combat discrimination.”

“Given the particular situation of Tuvalu, I will also assess policies designed to mitigate the grave threat climate change poses to the culture and cultural heritage of Tuvalu, and how culture is and can be used to respond to the existential challenges resulting from climate change.”

The expert hopes to visit a number of islands and meet central and local authorities, as well as a range of people working in the field of culture, including academics, artists, human rights advocates and women human rights defenders, and relevant institutions. She will hold talks with civil society organisations and representatives of UN agencies, enabling them to share their experiences, discuss good practices and identify challenges in the enjoyment of cultural rights.

At the end of her mission, the Special Rapporteur will share her preliminary observations at a news conference at 13:30 local time on Wednesday, 25 September. Access to the news conference will be strictly limited to journalists.

Bennoune will present a comprehensive report on her visit, including recommendations to the Government and the international community, to a future session of the UN Human Rights Council.

ENDS

Ms Karima Bennoune was appointed as Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights by the United Nations Human Rights Council in October 2015. Ms Bennoune grew up in Algeria and the United States. She is Professor of Law and Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall Research Scholar at the University of California-Davis School of Law where she teaches courses on human rights and international law. Her research and writing, including on cultural rights issues, has been widely published in leading journals and periodicals. Her mandate covers all countries and has most recently been renewed by Human Rights Council resolution 37/12.

The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms that address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Special Procedures experts work on a voluntary basis; they are not UN staff and do not receive a salary for their work. They are independent from any government or organization and serve in their individual capacity.

UN Human Rights country page: Tuvalu

For more information and media requests please contact:
Ms Johanne Bouchard (+41 22 917 96 30 before the mission/ +41 079-444-5515 during the mission) or write to srculturalrights@ohchr.org

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16. 09. 2019.

NEWS RELEASE - Indonesia must protect rights of Veronica Koman and others reporting on Papua and West Papua protests - UN experts

media-specialprocedures@ohchr.org 

Indonesia must protect rights of Veronica Koman and others reporting on Papua and West Papua protests - UN experts

GENEVA (16 September 2019) – Indonesia must protect the rights of all people to peaceful protest, ensure access to the internet and protect the rights of human rights defender Veronica Koman and all others reporting on protests in Papua and West Papua, say UN human rights experts*.

“We call for immediate measures to ensure the protection of freedom of expression and address acts of harassment, intimidation, interference, undue restriction and threats against those reporting on the protests,” the experts said.

Veronica Koman, a lawyer who has been subjected to harassment and abuse online for her continuing work on alleged human rights violations in Papua, was named as a “suspect” by authorities who accused her of spreading of false information and provoking unrest after she published reports on the protests and on a racist attack against Papuan students in East Java that had triggered the demonstrations.

“We welcome actions taken by the Government against the racist incident, but we urge it to take immediate steps to protect Veronica Koman from any forms of retaliation and intimidation and drop all charges against her so that she can continue to report independently on the human rights situation in the country,” they said.

The experts also expressed serious concerns over reports indicating that the authorities are considering revoking her passport, blocking her bank accounts and requesting Interpol to issue a Red Notice to locate her, as she is said to be out of the country.

The experts stressed that restrictions on freedom of expression not only undermined discussion of Government policies, but also jeopardised the safety of human rights defenders reporting on alleged violations.

Protests have been increasingly taking place in Papua and West Papua since mid-August over alleged racism and discrimination and amid calls for independence.

“These protests will not be stopped by an excessive use of force or by cracking down on freedom of expression and access to information,” the UN experts said.

“We urge the Government of Indonesia to recognise the rights of all protesters and to ensure continuation of the internet service. We welcome the restoration on 4 September of the internet in almost all of Papua and West Papua provinces.”

The internet had been disconnected completely on 21 August in various parts of both provinces on the grounds of restoring security and order, with the aim of preventing the spread of “rumours” or “hoaxes” during protests.

“Restrictions of the internet and on access to information in general have a detrimental impact on the ability of individuals to express themselves, and to share and receive information. On the other hand, access to the internet contributes to preventing disinformation and ensuring transparency and accountability,” the experts said.

The UN experts have previously expressed their concerns to the Government of Indonesia and are continuing to urge it to engage in genuine dialogue with the protesters. The experts welcomed the engagement of the authorities on these matters and looked forward to continued dialogue.

ENDS


The Special Rapporteurs and Working Groups are part of what is known as the SpecialProcedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms that address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Special Procedures experts work on a voluntary basis; they are not UN staff and do not receive a salary for their work. They are independent from any government or organisation and serve in their individual capacity.

UN Human Rights, Country Page — Indonesia

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